How to treat bovine anaemia caused by theileriosis

Currently, there is no medication or vaccine registered in Australia for the treatment and/or control of bovine anaemia caused by theileriosis. Only symptomatic treatment can be provided, including good nursing of affected stock, minimising stress and movement.

Avoid handling the affected cattle if possible. Put the affected mob in a paddock with good feed and water. If movement or yarding is necessary, move animals slowly as their reduced ability to transport oxygen throughout the body may lead to collapse.

Veterinarians have reported good responses to treatment of mildly affected animals, but poor response is reported for severely affected animals. Blood transfusions have been successfully performed on valuable animals, but these may not be practical if multiple animals are involved.